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  1. says: Ludwig Wittgenstein Ú 5 Read Read & Download ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ú Ludwig Wittgenstein Read Philosophische Untersuchungen

    Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk Ludwig Wittgenstein Ú 5 Read Read & Download ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ú Ludwig Wittgenstein If you read first Wittgenstein’s Tractatus and then follow it with his Philosophical Investigations you will tre

  2. says: Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk Ludwig Wittgenstein Ú 5 Read Read Philosophische Untersuchungen

    Read & Download ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ú Ludwig Wittgenstein Ludwig Wittgenstein Ú 5 Read Read Philosophische Untersuchungen An offline discussion with Simon Evnine prompted me to reread the first few sections of this book which I hadn't looked at in ages They inspired the following short storyWang's First Day on the JobWang is a Chinese construction worker who's just arrived in the US He doesn't know a word of English but he figures he'll get by The im

  3. says: Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk Read & Download ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ú Ludwig Wittgenstein

    Read & Download ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ú Ludwig Wittgenstein Ludwig Wittgenstein Ú 5 Read Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk This is the first work by Wittgenstein I’ve ever read I’ve been terrified of him for years truth be told I’ve read a biography

  4. says: Read & Download ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ú Ludwig Wittgenstein Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk

    Read Philosophische Untersuchungen Ludwig Wittgenstein Ú 5 Read Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk I couldn't possibly do Philosophical Investigations justice in a review Even though I've read it several times I don't understand than a fraction of it The unworthy thought does sometimes cross my mind that its author didn't understand it either but you understand I'm just jealous because I'm not a Great Philosopher I would so like

  5. says: Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk

    Read Philosophische Untersuchungen Ludwig Wittgenstein Ú 5 Read Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk As a philosopher Wittgenstein isn't terribly systematic rather shocking for an analytic thinker I would argue that he's an original using analytic thought experiments continental literary examples pragmatic everyday life as a litmus

  6. says: Read & Download ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ú Ludwig Wittgenstein Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk

    Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk Read Philosophische Untersuchungen o my crap what a tortured soul Ludwig Wittgenstein was this guy stared into the impenetrable pitch blackness that was the tangled midnight jungle of his own inner existence sharpened his machete and plunged in hacking and flailing and lunging wildly he wrestles chiefly with the concepts of language meaning understanding and states of consciousness part I consists of 693 short numbered sections about 4 to a page this was sent to th

  7. says: Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk Read & Download ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ú Ludwig Wittgenstein Read Philosophische Untersuchungen

    Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk Read Philosophische Untersuchungen This book is too complex to summarize but here is a nutshell If you want to know the meaning of a word consider how the word is used Words are used in a variety of “language games” interactions among people which display “family resemblances” That is there is no single model which shows the essence of how words are used but rather there are many overlapping and differing language games each of which is a different modelEno

  8. says: Read Philosophische Untersuchungen Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk Read & Download ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ú Ludwig Wittgenstein

    Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk Ludwig Wittgenstein Ú 5 Read This book was assembled posthumously Wittgenstein having published very little in his lifetime Although usually coupled with the Tractatus it is actually representative of his thought and methodThe virtue of Wittg

  9. says: Read Philosophische Untersuchungen Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk

    Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk Exasperating but worth itThe syntax of the Investigations has a jaggedly Asperger’s feel to it Too often Wittgenstein sounds like a malfunc

  10. says: Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk Read & Download ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ú Ludwig Wittgenstein

    Read & Download ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ú Ludwig Wittgenstein Ludwig Wittgenstein Ú 5 Read Online Pdf Philosophische Untersuchungen Ý Ludwig Wittgenstein – happypink.co.uk First off this book is only 197 pages long The reason Goodreads says it's 464 pages is because this edition is du

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First off this book is only 197 pages long The reason Goodreads says it s 464 pages is because this edition is dual language One side is in German the original text and the other side is in EnglishCompared to other philosophical readings I ve read in the past I found this one a little easier to follow I wouldn t call this an easy read though It s uick but after you read the book you re still think about Wittgenstein s philosophy I think I had an easier time with this compared to than say Descartes because it s modernI liked this book mainly because it was about words and langue How does a human process different words compared to other words Why some words we can picture and others we can t see in our minds The second half of this book is about illusions taking the famous rabbit duck picture I think I like that part a little betterMy only real negative part too this book is the translation This is basically the third dual translated book I ve read this year I think this one was better translated but at times it still felt off to me There were awkward parts reading this when Wittgenstein would be talking about a certain word but I reading him in English not German so I wonder if I m reading what he meant or the translatorOtherwise Wittgenstein is a good philosopher He makes things semi easier to understand This isn t some life changing self help book or anything but it will make you aware of how humans think speak write and see I d say this is a good introduction book to read for 20th century philosophy This book was assembled posthumously Wittgenstein having published very little in his lifetime Although usually coupled with the Tractatus it is actually representative of his thought and methodThe virtue of Wittgenstein may be that with him there is no hint of metaphysical conceit or self deception but rather a consistent treatment of reality as in fact various language games language being understood broadly to include everything from the semiotic to the symbolic the denotative to the connotative and games being understood to be intersubjective practices Interestingly however behind this reserve runs a strong mystical sense comparable to Kant s attractionaversion to the Ideas of Reason While he was on the one hand a thoroughgoing critic of sloppy thinking and expression he was also on the other prone to the religio aesthetic flights of the late Heidegger The study of his biography and ottings presents the image of a man at once piercingly clear and personally enigmatic at once a dispeller of illusions and a victim of multiple neuroses While apparently coming across to his redoubtable colleagues including Bertrand Russell as a genius his actual writings are all rather easy going suggesting to me at least that we re all or none of us geniuses o my crap what a tortured soul Ludwig Wittgenstein was this guy stared into the impenetrable pitch blackness that was the tangled midnight Marcus Garvey jungle of his own inner existence sharpened his machete and plunged in hacking and flailing and lunging wildly he wrestles chiefly with the concepts of language meaning understanding and states of consciousness part I consists of 693 short numbered sections about 4 to a page this was sent to the publisher but pulled back at the last second five years before LW died after he died his further writings were scraped together and comprise part II loosely divided into 13 short sections plus 1 long one there is no steady development but sometimes long chains of remarks on one topic sometimes sudden changes of topic he often puts statements or uestions in uotation marks as though thrown at him by someone playing devil s advocate it is all extremely personal written very much in the first personthe first half of this book is soooooo much better than the second half i looked in my notebook and found that iotted 111 notes from the first 120 pages and only 34 from the last 110 pages by the end i was uite happy for it to be over so maybe it doesn t deserve 5 stars but some of it is uite amazing he concludes the introductionIt is not impossible that it should fall to the lot of this work in its poverty and in the darkness of this time to bring light into one brain or another but of course it is not likely I should not like my writing to spare other people the trouble of thinking But if possible to stimulate someone to thoughts of his ownI should have liked to produce a good book This has not come about but the time is past in which I could improve itjust for that he gets 5 stars from me I couldn t possibly do Philosophical Investigations FRIENDLY ENEMIES justice in a review Even though I ve read it several times I d An offline discussion with Simon Evnine prompted me to reread the first few sections of this book which I hadn t looked at in ages They inspired the following short storyWang s First Day on the JobWang is a Chinese construction worker who sust arrived in the US He doesn t know a word of English but he figures he ll get by The important thing is that he knows construction work His English speaking cousin takes him to a building site and manages to get him hired by Wittgenstein Construction IncThe foreman is laying slabs He points to Wang Slab he says Wang has no idea what he s talking about The foreman points to the slabs he s already laid to the small pile of slabs nearby and to the large pile of slabs in the corner of the site Slab he says Again Wang Understands The Wang understands the He takes a wheelbarrow and fetches some slabsThe foreman is visibly pleased Evidently Wang s cousin was telling him the truth This guy is hard working and learns fast He points to Wang again Cement he says Wang looks at him The foreman points to the bags of cement in the corner with the slabs Wang gets his wheelbarrow and comes back with a bag of cement The foreman is again Pleased He S Almost Finished He s almost finished the slabs Wang brought the first timeSlab he says again Wang understands Such a smart guy the foreman thinks He goes off for another load Cement says the foreman Wang gets that too Slab says the foreman when Wang s unloaded the new cement Wang s ust about to go off with his wheelbarrow when the foreman stops him He points to one slab then another White slab red slab he says White red Wang nods The foreman points TO WANG RED SLAB HE SAYS WANG LOOKS AT Wang Red slab he says Wang looks at pile of slabs in the corner He had noticed that those on one side of the pile were red He goes and fetches a load of red slabs He comes back and unloads them Cement he asks Cement agrees the foreman He s already decided he owes Wang s cousin a beer This unknown Chinese dude is worth his weight in gold Wang s back with the cement Slab says the foreman Red slab asks Wang White slab corrects the foreman Wang goes off to get the white slabs He s even pleased than the foreman He can already see how to structure the next chapter of his dissertation on linguistic philosophy Exasperat. Incorporating significant editorial changes from earlier editions the fourth edition of Ludwig Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations is the definitive en face German English version of the most important work of 20th century philosophy The extensively revised English translation inco. ,


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Philosophische UntersuchungenIng but worth itThe syntax of the Investigations has a aggedly Asperger s feel to it Too often Wittgenstein sounds like a malfunctioning android abbering its core protocols to itself pacing in frantic circles waving its arms in a vexed Philosophy is the sickness and I m the cure manner The loathsome blend of pedantry and vagueness throughout Part 1 hectoring in tone nebulous in definition can be maddening As a communicator Wittgenstein often ranks with Kant or Heidegger pitiless kraut magi of galling opacity Your cognitive muscles will feel the burn Part 2 is rather less punishing with enticing stimulants on nearly every page while large swaths of Part 1 are a morale stunting crawl through banks of fog What s the dealKeep in mind that PI is a posthumous medley of notes and fragments that never benefitted from a final rigorous copyedit I ve also been told that the recent 2009 translation by Peter Hacker and Joachim Schulte is less stodgy and peeving than the classic Anscombe version An editor might be tempted to abridge Part 1 to a Best Of showcase for non academics but the moments of profundity strewn throughout that portion 75% of the book probably reuire the groundwork of the wearying fragments to shore up Wittgenstein s visionSo what s the payoff Well a panoptic voyage into speech and semantics that s both rousing emancipatory and at times painfully obvious The latter as we ve washed ashore in a postphilosophical age that takes so much of Wittgenstein for granted but also because his expository style can read like an amnesiac head trauma patient attempting to reconstruct language use from scratch poking and prodding at kindergarten level grammar to explore how situational semantics weaves and bends through our intricately embodied moment to moment actualities all tempered by an uneasy nostalgia for positivist puzzles boxed in the attic radiant antiues that gave so much faux luster to our mental livesWittgenstein wants us to detox to scrape out the arterial plaue of false problems Fundamental confusions about language use he fears have staggered us into an ersatz world of epistemic mazes and circular obstacle courses a bad Philip K Dick novel of cloying simulacra PI aims to unjack us from this Matrix wrench us back down into our bodies a homecoming to and abashed rediscovery of the everyday Though Darwin is never mentioned in PI Wittgenstein s corrosive presence in the philosophical canon is comparable to evolutionary models preempting theological sleight of hand Post theist armchair philosophy in Wittgenstein s eyes is still beholden to the system erecting wankfest of priestly theorizing To reiterate a familiar story we This book is too complex to summarize but here is a nutshell If you want to know the meaning of a word consider how the word is used Words are used in a variety of language games interactions among people which display family resemblances That is there is no single model which shows the essence of how words are used but rather there are many overlapping and differing language games each of which is a different modelEnough summarizing Now to what I am interested in what I called once before Wittgenstein s behaviorism which I didn t like After reading the Philosophical Investigations I have come to the conclusion that Wittgenstein is not nearly as behavioristic as I had thought In fact he is the most introspective behaviorist that I could imagine but he still ends up being of a behaviorist than I likeWhat do I mean by behaviorism Wittgenstein is a skeptic with regard to meaning in the sense that he does not think that meaning is something we can look inside of ourselves introspect to discover As I summarized above Wittgenstein believes that meaning is revealed by the use of a word in social interactions in other words through language games the behavior of the people using the wordConsider words for what we usually think of as mental phenomena thinking believing remembering knowing and the like How can you tell if Someone Knows That Paris Is In France If You Ask knows that Paris is in France If you ask he gives you the right answer If he looks inside of his mind must there be the knowledge that Paris is in France Not necessarily He might not even be thinking of that and even if he were subvocalizing Paris is in France is there a mental uality that distinguishes that as knowing Thus Wittgenstein gives a formidable argument that knowing consists not in any mental phenomenon but in the behavior of giving the right answer In making this argument Wittgenstein has not avoided introspection as a techniue On the contrary he has used it extensively Even when he asks us to imagine a certain language game we are imagining a behavior but we are using introspection to do it Wittgenstein is a master of asking the rhetorical uestion which reveals how we use a particular word in social interactions but each rhetorical uestion reuires a looking into ourselves and our experiencesWittgenstein is not ultimately hostile to our looking into ourselves in fact I think he would regard it as a fruitful part of life But his basic point is that only when our introspected observations can be validated by being part of our interactions with other people our language games only then can the words have consistent and usable meaningsmy uibble with this consistent and usable meaningsMy uibble with this that introspection sometimes yields results than Wittgenstein is prepared to recognize As ust one example Wittgenstein asks how do we udge time He says that we might sit for a while and say About five minutes have passed and we may be right He says that there is no introspectable experience of time passing or of measuring time But I am not sure if that is right Paul Churchland talks about a pulsing of neuronic signals from the center of the brain to the perimeter and back again This means that our sensory processing echoes and reverberates with these pulses and gives us a sense of time passing If we attend to the experience of this we may be able to discriminate what makes us sensitive to the passage of time and we may be able to do this in a way which can be validated by other people If we are able to make these discriminations through introspection before the science is available to explain it is it still meaningless That is my rhetorical uestion As a philosopher Wittgenstein isn t terribly systematic rather shocking for an analytic thinker I would argue that he s an original using analytic thought experiments continental literary examples pragmatic everyday life as a litmus test and Nietzschean aphoristic style attitude problem elements Hell I m almost loathe to call it philosophy at all It s like a gorgeous dense glittering puzzle box I guarantee that when I read it again somewhere down the line I ll get something entirely different out of it Wittgenstein seems less concerned with presenting a systematic argument than in prodding the reader s mind This is th. Rporates many hundreds of changes to Anscombe’s original translation Footnoted remarks in the earlier editions have now been relocated in the textWhat was previously referred to as ‘Part 2’ is now republished as Philosophy of Psychology – A Fragment and all the remarks in it are nu. ,