Read ebook Corps Commanders of the Bulge Six American Generals and Victory in the Ardennes Modern War Studies author Harold R. Winton – happypink.co.uk
He G 2G 3 staff He was assigned to the General Staff secretariat when General Marshall was Chief of Staff He was selected as Chief of Staff VII Corps in California then sent to Hawaii He was given command of the 25th Infantry Division and fought it on Guadalcanal He returned on leave and he lobbied for corps command General MacArthur thought Collins too young for Pacific corps command so Marshall sent him to Europe where he took over VII Corps He fought the corps from Normandy through the Ardennes These were the men who fought the Corps Battle of the Bulge I spent time explaining their background because they all have extensive experience and military schooling Only MG Eddy did not graduate from the Army War College Only MG Eddy and MG Middleton had actually seen combat in WWI although a couple of the other had been in France MG Millikan was the least combat experienced when the Ardennes campaign began As a young Captain General Jimmy D Ross said something to me that I ll never forget about General Officers He said that if all of the individuals selected for a star when he was were killed in an aircraft crash their
Replacements Would Have Similar would have similar and schooling as he had when he was selected These Corps Commanders attest to the validity of General Ross s statement made in 1979 The remainder of this study is composed of three phases Phase I is the battle during the German initiative Phase II is the Initiative in Flux Phase III is the American Initiative in Action The author explains the battle from the corps perspective for each of the corps involved He provides analysis and observations of each of the commanders There are some supporting maps I will not fight the battle and assess each Corps Commander I ll leave that to the author and the reader The Battle of the Bulge was a tough fight and we know the outcome The Corps Commanders did their obs some better that others but they were successful Two of the corps commanders Collins and Ridgway went on to be Army Chief of Staff General Millikin was the only one of the six relieved of Corps command after Remagen by General Hodges I think wrongly but I wasn t his commander Millikin went on to successfully command the 13th Ard Division through the end of the European Campaign General Middleton retired after the war and returned to LSU The author surmises he was destined for greater responsibility had he remained in the Army but He became president of LSU in 1951 and expanded the University General Gerow was promoted to General and helped strengthen the Army education system He served as the Virginia election campaign manager for his friend General Eisenhower in 1952 General Eddy was promoted to Lieutenant General and his last command was the newly activated Seventh Army in Germany With the exceptions of Ridgway and Collins these men are overshadowed by their seniors in WWII Eisenhower Bradley Patton Hodges and Montgomery But it was Middleton Gerow Millikin Eddy Collins and Ridgway who won the fight in the Battle of the Bulge If you are a serious student of World War II this is a book you should read It is superb Military history is not for everyone but if it interests you then I highly recommend this book It is at once an exceptional work of scholarship and accessible historical narrative I was especially impressed with the clarity of Winton s narrative organization He presents the history the biography and his critical analysis of each commander s performance in such logical order that the reader is easily able to
follow and to understand the complexities of what was one of the largest and most complex battles of and to understand the complexities of what was one of the largest and most complex battles of Second World War Good book New view of the battle from the corps commanders leve. Nders adds yet another valuable layer to this rich tapestry of narrative and analysisUltimately Winton argues that the flexibility of the corps structure and the competence of the men who commanded the six American corps that fought in the Bulge contributed significantly to the ultimate victory Chronicling the human drama of commanding large numbers of soldiers in battle he has produced an artful blend of combat narrative collective biography and institutional history that contributes significantly to the broader understanding of World War II as a whole With the recent modularization of the US Army division which makes this command echelon a re creation of the corps of World War II Corps Commanders of the Bulge also has distinct relevance to current issues of Army transformati.
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WWII Who Are Looking Forwho are looking for pieces in the framework of command structures This book really consists of two parts The first part goes thru the history of the 6 American generals who commanded corps during the Battle of the Bulge WWIIThe second part looks at the fighting and command decisions of each of the 6 during the actual battleI felt this was a very good book with a great deal of attention focused on what it is to command The author reviews each of the commanders for each of his time slices and rates their command decisionsThe maps are so so This book is a comprehensive study of the six American Corps Commanders who fought the Battle of the Bulge The author is well ualified to make this study Harold R Winton is a Professor of Military History at the School of Advanced Air and Space Studies Air University The six Corps Commanders are Troy Middleton VIII Corps Leonard Gerow
V Corps Matthew Ridgway XVIIIAirborne Corps John Millikin III Corps Manton Eddy XII Corps and Lawton VII Corps AfterCorps Matthew Ridgway XVIIIAirborne Corps John Millikin Corps Manton Eddy XII Corps and Lawton Collins VII Corps After introduction explaining that this is a study to compare and contrast the commanders of the highest tactical unit of the Army as they performed in the battle of the Ardennes as the author uotes the applicable Field Service RegulationThe corps is primarily a tactical unit of execution and maneuver The corps is a level above the Division and below the Army It has a flexible co. If the Battle of the Bulge was Germany's last gasp it was also America's proving ground the largest single action fought by the US Army in World War II Taking a new approach to an old story Harold Winton widens our field of vision by showing how victory in this legendary campaign was built upon the remarkable resurrection of our truncated interwar army an overhaul that produced the effective commanders crucial to GI success in beating back the Ardennes counteroffensive launched by Hitler's forcesWinton's is the first study of the Bulge to examine leadership at the largely neglected level of corps command Focusing on the decisions and actions of six Army corps commanders Leonard Gerow Troy Middleton Matthew Ridgway John Millikin Manton Eddy and J Lawton Collins he recreates the. Nfiguration which depends on mission terrain and situation usually two to five divisions Winton p7 In the second chapter Professor Winton explains the Army s philosophy of command and the education system for senior Army leaders The Command and
General Staff School CGSC And The ArmyStaff School CGSC and the Army College The next step in the process of evaluating these officers is to explain the education training and experience level of each officer evaluated Chapter three does that These chapters set the stage for the assessment of the Corps Commanders Major General Gerow was a VMI graduate and had experienced service in France in WWI He was a graduate of both CGSC and the Army War College Ge had extensive experience including command and staff positions He was chief of the War Plans Division when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor He successfully commanded the 29th Division prior to its combat introduction and was selected to take command of V Corps by his friend General Eisenhower He commanded V Corps from Normandy through the Ardennes Major General Middleton enlisted in the Army after graduating from Mississippi AM College He received a direct commission and served in France in WWI He graduated from CGSC and stayed on as an instructor He graduated from the Army War College and taught ROTC at Louisiana State University for six tears He was sent to the Philippines where he decided to leave service in 1937 as a Lieutenant Colonel After Pearl Harbor he returned to the Army and was given command of 45th Infantry Division He led the division through the fighting in Sicily A knee problem led to his being relieved of command and recuperation When he recovered he was given command of VIII Corps He led the corps from Normandy through the Ardennes Major General Ridgway graduated from West Point He saw duty on the Mexican border and then taught languages at the Military Academy under General MacArthur He was then assigne to China where he served under future Chief of Staff Marshall He graduated from both CGSC
And The Army Warthe Army War He worked in the War Plans Division and was selected to be the deputy commander of the 82nd Infantry Division under General Bradley It was training to become the first Airborne Division When Bradley left Ridgway became the division commander He commanded the division through Sicily and Normandy until given command of the XVIII Airborne Corps in September 1944 Major General John Millikin was a West Point graduate He saw service in France in WWI He married General Peyton March the Army Chief of Staff s daughter He graduated from both CGSC and the Army War College He had both command and staff positions and commanded the experimental 6th Cavalry Regiment Horse and Mechanized He went on to command the 33rd Division in Hawaii and was selected to command III Corps The corps went to Europe in September 1944 major General Manton Eddy graduated from Shattuck Military Academy and received a commission in 1916 He saw action in France commanding a machine gun company He was wounded and upon recovery was given command of a Machine Gun Battalion He did service as an ROTC instructor and returned for the Infantry officer s advanced course where he was observed by General Marshall He went on to battalion and then to CGSC where he stayed on as an instructor He did not attend the Army War College He commanded the 9th Infantry Division through Africa and Sicily The division was selected fot eh Normandy invasion He took command of the XII Corps in August 1944 Major General Lawton Collins graduated from West Point He did not serve in France in WWI He did occupation duty in Germany He graduated from both CGSC and the Army War College
He Served In Theserved in the on troop duty then on Ir role in this epic struggle through a mosaic of narratives that take the commanders from the pre war training grounds of America to the crucible of war in the icy cold killing fields of Belgium and LuxembourgWinton introduces the story of each phase of the Bulge with a theater level overview of the major decisions and events that shaped the corps battles and for the first time fully integrates the crucial role of airpower into our understanding of how events unfolded on the ground Unlike most accounts of the Ardennes that chronicle only the periods of German and American initiative Winton's study describes an intervening middle phase in which the initiative was fiercely contested by both sides and the outcome uncertain His inclusion of the principal American and German comma.